# Preventing Certain Errors in Writing Formulas

(Difference between revisions)
 Revision as of 18:54, 24 November 2007 (edit)Valterb (Talk | contribs)m (mispelling italian title)← Previous diff Current revision (09:16, 26 November 2007) (edit) (undo)Jgd (Talk | contribs) m (Preventing Some Errors in Writing Formulas moved to Preventing Certain Errors in Writing Formulas: follow Sardisson's advice) (2 intermediate revisions not shown.) Line 25: Line 25: !style="background: #efefef;" | ''Formula'' !style="background: #efefef;" | ''Formula'' |- |- - | {{preBox|left lbrace binom{a+b+c+d=f+g}{alignr h+k=i{~~~~} } right none }} + | {{preBox|left lbrace binom{a+b+c+d=f+g}{alignr h+k=i{~~~~}{}{} } right none }} || [[Image:Alignment1.png|center]] || [[Image:Alignment1.png|center]] Line 68: Line 68: !style="background: #efefef;" | ''Formula'' !style="background: #efefef;" | ''Formula'' - |- + - | {{preBox|a+b+c{~~~} newline a-b+c-d + - }} + - + - || [[Image:Alignment7.png|center]] + |- |- | {{preBox|~~~~a*(b+c) newline (a+c)*(b+d)}} | {{preBox|~~~~a*(b+c) newline (a+c)*(b+d)}} Line 79: Line 75: |- |- |{{preBox|a=\[b+c+g+h+j+i+k+l+m+dotslow newline |{{preBox|a=\[b+c+g+h+j+i+k+l+m+dotslow newline - ""{~~~~}d+f\] }} + ""{~~~}{}{}d+f\] }} || [[Image:Alignment9.png|center]] || [[Image:Alignment9.png|center]]

## Current revision

You need to observe some rules to correctly display formulas and to prevent errors in writing systems, matrices, etc. NeoOffice Math marks these erros with a red question mark.

## Alignment of Various Elements in a Formula

To align correctly the elements of formulas or equations, you may use the matrix, stack, binom, newline commands and

use the spaces which are writen ~ . If you want, you can put them in braces {~}.
The number of spaces which are to be added depends on the terms of the formula and, sometimes, you will have to proceed by trial and error to get a good result.

or

use the alignr et alignl commands.
You can replace alignl with quotes "", that you must place before the term which needs to be left aligned.

The examples below show these various methods and some differences in the layout that they produce.

### Alignment of Several Equations

Note : In writing matrices, a +, – or = sign, must be put in quotes, if it is an element of the matrix, i.e. if it is placed between two #s.

Command Formula
left lbrace binom{a+b+c+d=f+g}{alignr h+k=i{~~~~}{}{} } right none
matrix {alignr a*(b+c)#"="#alignl ab+ac ## alignr (a+c)*(b+d)#"="#ab+cb+ad+cd}
left lbrace matrix{alignr x+2y+5z#"="# "" 3 ## alignr x + y~~~~~ #"="# "" -2## alignr x~~~~ "–" 3z #"="# "" 1} right none
matrix{ x+y+z#"="#""t ## alignr x+y#"="#""t–z## alignr x#"="#t-z-y } }
""x+y+z=t newline ""~~~x+y=t-z newline ~~~~~~~x=t-z-y

### Alignment of Addition, Substraction, or Multiplication Signs

Command Formula
~~~~a*(b+c) newline (a+c)*(b+d)
a=\[b+c+g+h+j+i+k+l+m+dotslow newline ""{~~~}{}{}d+f\]

## Avoiding Gaps

If you leave a location empty where Math is waiting for "something", you get an error message, i.e. a red question mark.

### Empty Boxes in Matrices

In a matrix, if you want a box to remain empty, you need to place a space ~, `, or {} in it.

Command Formula
left ( matrix{I_n # ~ ## ~ # I_m}right )=I_{n+m}
left ( matrix{A_n # {}# {} ## {} # dotsdown # {} ## {}#{}# A_m}right )

### Binary Operators

A term must be present on both sides of the =, <, ≤, >, ≥, +, –, * signs, and of the union and intersection of sets symbols.

x+y={} and {}intersection _{i in I} %omega_i

Note – This last formula is not always satisfying. The intersection symbol is too small if the sets are named with capital letters. In order to fix that issue, a better method is described in this article in NeoWiki.