It:Guida di Bugzilla

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-''Una guida per segnalare e riportare i malfunzionamenti (bug) nel NeoOffice Bugzilla''+#Redirect [[How_to_Report_Problems_with_NeoOffice]]
- +
-==Ho trovato un bug o desidero che una certa caratteristica sia inserita in NeoOffice. Cosa dovrei fare?==+
-===Prima di segnalare un bug di NeoOffice...===+
-# Sii certo di usare la patch più recente; visita http://www.planamesa.com/neojava/patch.php per scaricare la patch più recente. I nostri talentuosi sviluppatori risolvono e rimuovono costantemente i bugs, ed il tuo potrebbe già essere stato risolto.+
-# Controlla se puoi '''riprodurre''' il bug (riproduci le cause che hanno evidenziato il bug); i bug che non sono riproducibili sono molto difficili da risolvere.+
-## Controlla se il bug dopo aver riavviato il tuo Mac.+
-## Controlla se il bug è riproducibile "con un nuoco profilo"; a volte le tue regolazioni d'utente possono corrompersi e causare un bug. Sposta le tue preferenze utente, cioè la cartella <tt>~/Libreria/Preferences/NeoOffice-2.x</tt> (<tt>~/Libreria/Preferences/NeoOffice-1.x</tt> per NeoOffice 1.2.x) in un'altra posizione (per esempio rinominala) e riavvia NeoOffice.+
-## Se hai accesso ad una versione di OpenOffice.org per X11, controlla se il bug viene riprodotto nella corrispondente versione per X11 di OpenOffice.org (ad esempio, NeoOffice 2.0 Alpha è equivalente a OpenOffice.org/X11 2.0.2 e NeoOffice 2.0 Aqua Beta è equivalente a OpenOffice.org/X11 2.0.3); se è così, segnala il bug a [http://qa.openoffice.org/issue_handling/pre_submission.html OpenOffice.org IssueZilla], visto che si tratta di un bug di OpenOffice.org.+
-# Se il problema persiste, [http://bugzilla.neooffice.org segnala il bug], seguendo le linee guida seguenti.+
- +
-===Caratteristiche e miglioramenti richiesti===+
-Non prendiamo in considerazione le richieste di nuove caratteristiche o miglioramenti alle caratteristiche già presenti. A causa dei rapidi cambiamenti nella natura della piattaforma Macintosh e per la disponibilità di tempo e di risorse da parte dei programmatori, lo scopo del progetto NeoOffice è limitato, in questo momento, a sviluppare una versione nativa di OpenOffice.org che giri sul Mac OS X. Controlla [http://trinity.neooffice.org/modules.php?name=Forums&file=viewtopic&t=1481 questo thread su trinity] per ulteriori dettagli.+
- +
-Sistemare i bug nelle caratteristiche di OpenOffice.org è al di là degli scopi attuali del progetto. Similmente, molti dei miglioramenti hanno bisogno di codice che sia multi-piattaforma e dovrebbero essere richieste a [http://qa.openoffice.org/issue_handling/pre_submission.html OpenOffice.org IssueZilla].+
- +
-==Segnalare un bug nel NeoOffice.org Bugzilla==+
-# Prima di segnalare un bug, cerca per vedere se qualcuno ha già segnalato il problema da te riscontrato.+
-## Seleziona '''Query Bugs''' dalla [http://bugzilla.neooffice.org pagina principale] di Bugzilla.+
-## Seleziona '''NeoOffice''' dal menù '''Project''' ed immetti i termini della ricerca.+
-##* '''Non riaprire similar-sounding bugs reported against older versions of NeoOffice''' (e.g., bugs filed against NeoOffice/J 1.1 or NeoOffice 1.2.2—'''any bug with a number of 1000 or lower and/or closed before April 2006''', since the Bugzilla interface will display the version field incorrectly on old bugs); in almost all cases, the bug is not the same, and adding additional information will only serve to confuse the issue. Instead, '''file a new bug''' and mention in the new report that your bug sounds similar to bug ''nnnn'' that was reported against NeoOffice version ''nn''. +
-##* If you find a current (UNCONFIRMED, NEW, ASSIGNED, or REOPENED) bug that sounds like the bug you want to report, you can add yourself to the CC list to be notified of new developments and test patches. If the bug is UNCONFIRMED (and sometimes on REOPENED bugs) and you have more information that would help confirm the bug (e.g., alternate steps to reproduce), feel free to add a comment with that information as well.+
-# When filing a bug, include only one issue (bug) per report; this makes it easier to track and fix bugs.+
-# Make sure you select the '''appropriate version of Mac OS X''' and include the patch version of your NeoOffice application+
-#: ''This helps us determine if the bug only exists on a particular version of Mac OS X—as is often the case; early "point" releases of 10.4 seemed particularly buggy—and at which patch level the bug began to appear. '''Do not select "All" as the OS version unless you can reproduce the bug on Mac OS X 10.3.9 and Mac OS X 10.4.x PPC '''''or''''' on Mac OS X 10.4.x PPC and Mac OS X 10.4.x Intel.'''''+
-#* The patch level is located in the "About" box accessible from the '''NeoOffice''' menu+
-#* The Mac OS X version is located in the "About This Mac" box accessible from the Apple menu+
-# Provide '''detailed''' steps to reproduce (cause) the bug; developers will need these steps to help them determine what causes the bug so that they can fix it.+
-#: Note that OpenOffice.org and thus NeoOffice is a '''huge''' program, and the developer or QA team member working on your bug may not be familiar with the part of the program in which you've discovered the bug. Thus the more detailed steps you can supply, the more likely someone will be able to do something useful with your bug report.+
-# Attach supporting documents (screenshots, crash logs, sample documents, etc.) '''after''' submitting the bug; the "Create New Attachment" link is only present after the bug is submitted.+
-#* Attach a screenshot, if relevant+
-#* Attach the problematic document, if relevant, or email it to Patrick if it is sensitive+
-#*: '''N.B.''' Add attachments separately from comments (adding an attachment wipes out unsubmitted comments)+
-# If you are reporting a crash or a hang (beachball), '''attach''' (do not paste into the comments) a crash log or a sample; see instructions below.+
- +
-===Ottenere un crashlog o un campione===+
-====Ottenere un crashlog quando NeoOffice va in crash====+
-* Option A: is '''CrashReporter''' enabled?+
-*: Mac OS X has a great application called '''CrashReporter''' which generates crash reports when applications crash. It is enabled by default on Mac OS X.+
-*# When the dialogue stating "The application NeoOffice has unexpectedly quit" (or "The application soffice.bin has unexpectedly quit") appears, click the "Submit Report..." button.+
-*# Copy the entire contents of the "Crash Report:" text box and paste into a new '''plain-text''' document (in '''TextEdit''', create a new document and choose '''Make Plain Text''' from the '''Format''' menu).+
-*# Once you've saved the text file, you can dismiss the Crash Report dialogue. +
-*#: '''N.B.''' The wording of the dialogues vary between major Mac OS X versions.+
-*# '''Attach''' this crashlog to the bug you filed.+
-* Option B: the hard way (you've probably disabled '''CrashReporter''')+
-*# Open the '''Console''' application, located in the <tt>Utilities</tt> subfolder of the <tt>Applications</tt> folder.+
-*# Click on the "Logs" toolbar icon if the logs drawer isn't showing on the left.+
-*# In the list of logs on the left, select "~/Library/Logs" then "CrashReporter" then "soffice.bin.crash.log"+
-*# Locate the appropriate log entry for the most recent crash. It should be the one at the bottom. Each individual crash log entry is separated by a line of asterisks from the next one above it; each entry has a date at the top of it.+
-*# Select the entry, from the "Host name" down to the end of the entry and paste into a new '''plain-text''' document (in '''TextEdit''', create a new document and choose '''Make Plain Text''' from the '''Format''' menu).+
-*#: '''N.B.''' The format of the crashlog varies between major Mac OS X versions.+
-*# '''Attach''' this crashlog to the bug you filed.+
- +
-====Ottenere un campione quando NeoOffice si blocca (mostra la pallina rotante)====+
-# Do not "force quit" NeoOffice+
-# Open the '''Activity Monitor''' application, located in the <tt>Utilities</tt> subfolder of the <tt>Applications</tt> folder.+
-# On launch, '''Activity Monitor''' should display a window listing various "processes" that are running on your Mac.+
-# Select NeoOffice from the list of running processes.+
-# Click the "Inspect" button.+
-# In the window that opens, click the "Sample" button in the lower left corner; this will generate a "sample" that will help the developers determine why NeoOffice entered the hung state.+
-# When the sample is complete, save the file; you may now close the sample window and force quit NeoOffice.+
-# '''Attach''' the saved sample to the bug you filed.+
- +
-==Further Reading on Reporting Bugs==+
-The following documents written by others provide further discussion of general "good bug-filing" practices:+
-* [http://inessential.com/?comments=1&postid=3291 How to manipulate me (or, Tuesday Whipper-Snapping)] (Brent Simmons, author of the most popular desktop feed reader, NetNewsWire)+
-* [http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/bugs.html How to Report Bugs Effectively] (Simon Tatham, professional and free-software programmer; several translations)+
-* [http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html How To Ask Questions The Smart Way] (Eric S. Raymond, open source advocate; a much longer piece also dealing with general "getting support/answers" issues, also with several translations)+
- +
-==Life-cycle of a Bug==+
-''This section explains each of the "states" a bug can have in Bugzilla and how bug moves from state to state. Both Bugzilla's "Status" and "Resolution" fields are explained.''+
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-===Unconfirmed===+
-All bugs begin with a status of "Unconfirmed" and a resolution of "None". +
- +
-From "Unconfirmed", bugs usually end up "Assigned" if they are reproducible problems specific to NeoOffice, "Closed" as "Duplicate" if another bug covering the same problem has already been reported, or "Closed" as "OpenOffice.org bug" if the bug also exists in the equivalent version of [[OpenOffice.org_Mac_OS_X_%28X11%29|OpenOffice.org/X11]]. Bugs "Closed" as "OpenOffice.org bug" should be entered by the reporter in the [[How_to_Report_Problems_with_NeoOffice#Bugs_in_OpenOffice.org_code|OpenOffice.org IssueZilla]] in order to ensure the OpenOffice.org developers responsible for the issue fix it, and the person closing the bug should prompt the reporter with this information:<br>+
-{{dashedbox|Closing as this is an OpenOffice.org bug as the bug occurs in OOo 2.0.3. ''[or whatever the version of OOo is that is equivalent to the current version of NeoOffice]''+
- +
-Unfortunately, the current scope of the NeoOffice project is limited by resources to keeping a native version of OpenOffice.org running on Mac OS X and fixing OpenOffice.org feature bugs is outside that scope.+
- +
-You can report the feature request in the OpenOffice.org issue tracker to get it on the radar of the core OpenOffice.org developers: http://qa.openoffice.org/issue_handling/pre_submission.html).}}+
- +
-Sometimes "Unconfirmed" bugs are also "Closed" as "Not a bug" (if a feature works as designed, even if that is not the way the reporter thinks it should work), "Closed" as "Won't fix" (most often bugs in Mac OS X or Java, which can't be fixed except by Apple), or "Closed" as "Works for me" (if no one else can reproduce the bug and/or there is insufficient information in the bug report to determine the cause). '''NEW''' As of January 2005, there is a new "Mac OS X bug" resolution to use when closing an issue that is caused by a bug (or feature) of Mac OS X.+
- +
-====Duplicates====+
-When bugs are "Closed" as "Duplicate", the number of the duplicated bug is added to the "Add Dependency" field of the bug that is being closed, e.g., if bug 1060 is a duplicate of bug 1048, enter <tt>1048</tt> in the "Add Dependency" field of bug 1060 when setting it to "Closed". +
- +
-Bugs can be duplicates of other bugs that are "Assigned", "Fixed" (if the reporter is not using the latest version or patch), "New", or "Closed" (all resolutions except "Duplicate"; a bug cannot be a duplicate of a duplicate, so the bug is marked as a duplicate of the original bug). +
- +
-If a bug is a duplicate of another "Unconfirmed" bug, that is ''sometimes'' enough to warrant changing the the first bug to "Assigned"—but see below for additional items a bug really should have before being set to "Assigned". In the case of two "Unconfirmed" bugs that are duplicates of each other, usually the oldest bug is set to "Assigned" and the newer one marked as the duplicate. However, if the newer bug has a clearer bug report, more information, supporting documents, etc., then the newer bug should be set to "Assigned" and the older one closed as a duplicate of the newer one.+
- +
-===Assigned===+
-Bugs that can be reproduced by a developer or a member of the triage team are changed to the status "Assigned" and assigned to the relevant developer to fix. Generally bugs need a clear set of instructions to reproduce the problem as well supporting "documentation" (screenshot, sample document, Mac OS X crashlog or sample, etc.) before they are changed from "Unconfirmed" to "Assigned".+
- +
-Most "Assigned" bugs are changed to status "Resolved" with a resolution of "Fixed", but bugs that cannot be fixed at the moment are changed to "New" with a resolution of "Deferred". "Assigned" bugs can also be changed to "Closed" as "Not a bug" or "Closed" as "Won't fix" after the developer investigates the issue and determines the problem lies elsewhere or cannot be fixed.+
- +
-"Assigned" bugs that a developer has fixed often remain in the "Assigned" state (recently as "Assigned" with resolution "Fixed" to help them stand out in large "Assigned" lists) until the fix appears in an official patch, at which point they are set to status "Resolved" and resolution "Fixed" (and, once the fix appears in a completely new binary, to status "Closed" and resolution "Fixed"); '''in any case, only developers should modify the status or resolution of bugs that are "Assigned" or "Resolved"'''.+
- +
-===New===+
-This status is for bugs that the developers intend to fix but for one reason or another cannot fix at the moment; these bugs carry the resolution "Deferred". +
- +
-Often bugs are assigned this status due to problems in supporting software (Mac OS X or Java) that we know are resolved in a future version of the supporting software and can be fixed when users or NeoOffice upgrade to the newer version. Some bug are also marked "New" because they are fixable but there is not enough developer time or manpower to fix them at the moment and other bugs or development priorities are more important.+
- +
-===Resolved===+
-Bugs that are fixed are "Resolved" as "Fixed" once the developer has coded a solution that fixes the bug. In time the developers will issue a "patch" that includes the fix so that users can check and ensure the bug has been fixed. If a patch does not fix a bug, it becomes "Reopened"; once the fix for the bug has been included in a full downloadable build of NeoOffice (a "release", such as NeoOffice 1.2 Alpha or NeoOffice/J 1.1), a bug is "Closed". (Only the release engineer should change a bug from "Resolved Fixed" to "Closed Fixed"; this ensures that the fix is present in the final release and no bug gets overlooked.)+
- +
-===Reopened===+
-If a bug that was "Resolved" as "Fixed" turns out not to have been fixed by a patch, the reporter of the bug should change the bug's status to "Reopened" and set the resolution back to "None". Similarly, if a bug that was marked "Closed" in a certain release of NeoOffice has reappeared in a later release of NeoOffice, it, too, should be changed to "Reopened" and "None".+
- +
-If a bug that was "Closed" as "Works for me" is still present and the reporter has new information or better steps to reproduce the bug, it should also be changed to "Reopened" and "None" (technically it should be set back to "Unconfirmed" and "None" until someone can reproduce the bug, but our bugzilla is "manual" and doesn't have the "automatic" logic to do that).+
- +
-===Closed===+
-"Closed" is the final status of all bugs in the NeoOffice Bugzilla. Bugs that have been fixed and whose fixes have appeared in a full release of NeoOffice are set to "Closed" and "Fixed". +
- +
-Bugs that were "Closed" without being fixed have one of the following resolutions:+
-* "Closed" as "Duplicate", if another bug covering the same problem has already been reported; see the [[#Duplicates|subsection on Duplicates]] under "Unconfirmed" for more information+
-* "Closed" as "OpenOffice.org bug", if the bug also exists in the equivalent version of [[OpenOffice.org_Mac_OS_X_%28X11%29|OpenOffice.org/X11]]+
-* "Closed" as "Not a bug", if a feature works as designed, even if that is not the way the reporter expects the feature to work+
-* "Closed" as "Won't fix", usually when the bug is really in Mac OS X or Java, which can't be fixed except by Apple, or bugs which want a behavior not desired by the developers or the majority of the userbase+
-* '''NEW''' "Closed" "Mac OS X bug", if the issue is caused by a bug (or feature) of Mac OS X.+
-*"Closed" as "Works for me", if no one else can reproduce the bug and/or there is insufficient information in the bug report to determine the cause+
- +
-===Verified===+
-This status is not used at all in the NeoOffice Bugzilla. Unless a "Fixed" bug is set to "Reopened", the bug is assumed to be fixed, so there is no need to 'verify' that it is fixed.+
- +
-====Chart====+
-The following chart provides a graphical explanation of a bug's life-cycle.+
- +
-{{imagebox|[[image:bugzilla_lifecycle.png|217px]]|+
-Click for full-sized image (73 KB)|Life-cycle of a Bug}}+
-<div style="clear: both;"></div>+
- +
-{{botlangbarEN|[[Bugzilla_Guide|English]] [[Fr:Guide_de_Bugzilla|Français]]}}+
-[[Category:NeoOffice]][[Category:Contributing]][[Category:NeoWikiIT]]+

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